Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)

Olive Groves of the Slopes between Assisi and Spoleto, Italy

GIAHS since 2018

Historically, the area proposed is one of the most important areas in Italy for olive growing. Olive pits were found in Etruscan graves dating back to the 7th century BC, while archaeological sites of Roman olive mills of the 1st century AD can be found in the area.

This agricultural system in mainly based on a traditional terraces system management allowing to grow olive trees. In addition, several main tasks from planting to the harvest has allowed the farmers to produce high quality olive oil in a sustainable way for centuries.

Nowadays, Olive oil produced in the area is certified DOP certifying a high quality of the product and ensuring a specific way of cultivation and making process. Indeed, the Olive Slopes between Assisi and Spoleto are characteristics based terraces cultivation that have been constructed based on traditional knowledge and maintained until now.


Exploring Italy’s Two Agricultural Heritage Systems Designated By Food And Agriculture Organization Of The United Nations

Since 2016, six Umbrian municipalities of the province of Perugia have been working on a project to enhance and develop the beauty of the area, now known as the “Fascia Olivata Assisi-Spoleto.” The unique landscape, characterized by a 40 kilometers coat of green foothills of olive groves, was recognized as a GIAHS in 2018, and is the main olive-growing area of central Italy.

?Courtesy of Geumsan County

Two new sites added to global agricultural heritage list

Traditional ginseng farming in the Republic of Korea and olive tree groves in Italy's Umbria region have been recognized on the register of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS), managed by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The two sites were added during a meeting of the GIAHS Scientific Advisory Group in Rome this week (2-4 July). It is the first time an Italian site has been recognized, and the fourth site in the Republic of Korea.